Over the past 150 years, rapid growth in land use, industry and urban development
has resulted in dramatic changes which pose significant threats for many organisms.
Therefore, improving our knowledge about biodiversity, learning where species live and
how to protect them, is one of the greatest challenges of this century.
As a major element of the world's terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity, ground
beetles play an important role in maintaining the health of the Earth's biosphere.
For example, they are the predominant invertebrates in certain types of habitats such
as river sides and agricultural land. Many carnivorous members of this insect family
are "farmer's best friends' in the natural control of pests, but limited data on these
species undermine the ability to make progress in sustainable land use.
Many species are vulnerable or threatened by factors including dramatic habitat loss, but
lack of information hinders nations wishing to fulfil their obligations under
the Convention of Biological Diversity. For example, governments of the world have set
aside nature reserves and wildlife refuges but, in most cases, comprehensive
inventories of the species that occur in those areas are lacking, and the full value of these
protected areas in serving as conservation centers remains unknown.
Global CarabCat Checklist
CarabCat, a global database of ground beetles developed and curated by FaunaPlan (1990-2014)
was the basis of a book edition in two volumes:
LORENZ, W. 1998a : Nomina Carabidarum. A directory of the scientific names of ground beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera "Geadephaga":
Trachypachidae and Carabidae incl. Paussinae, Cicindelinae, Rhysodinae). 1.Edition. - 937 pp. (Tutzing).
LORENZ, W. 1998b : Systematic list of extant ground beetles of the world (Insecta, Coleoptera "Geadephaga":
Trachypachidae and Carabidae incl. Paussinae, Cicindelinae, Rhysodinae). 1.Edition. - 502 pp. (Tutzing).
LORENZ, W. 2005a :
Nomina Carabidarum. A directory of the scientific names of ground beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera "Geadephaga":
Trachypachidae and Carabidae incl. Paussinae, Cicindelinae, Rhysodinae). 2. Edition. - 993 pp. (Tutzing).
LORENZ, W. 2005b : Systematic list of extant ground beetles of the world (Insecta, Coleoptera "Geadephaga":
Trachypachidae and Carabidae incl. Paussinae, Cicindelinae, Rhysodinae). 2. Edition. - 530 pp. (Tutzing).
Since November 2013, CarabCat data concerning species-group taxa are part of the Catalogue of Life.
Updates will be delivered at regular intervals.
So far, the Catalogue of Life does not have a complete checklist with all ranks and names including synonyms of the genus- and family-groups.
The CarabCat-Checklist is designed to fill this gap by providing a searchable overview of the classification of extant ground beetles as currently accepted in the
CarabCat database, with all synonyms and including additional annotations, e.g., on homonymy and availability of names. It can also be used to retrieve complete
checklists for several countries. Additional options for filtering are, e.g., on taxonomic ranks, names of authors, or years of publication.
For details go here.
The CarabCat-Checklist is displayed in the classical concise checklist format used in many catalogues since the early 19th century (e.g., DEJEAN 1821, 1833,
GEMMINGER & HAROLD 1868, CSIKI 1927-1933, LORENZ 1998, 2005, LÖBL & SMETANA 2003 ff.).
Future updates to this dynamic checklist will mostly be in a patch-work manner which means that parts of the list will have different publication dates.
The column "new" points to additions (x+) and changes (xc) that have been made after the publication of the 2nd book editions of 'Nomina Carabidarum' and 'Systematic List' (2005).
Future version numbers of checklist patches will also be displayed in column "new".
Informations about ground beetles are stored in thousands of publications distributed
over a wide range of periodicals, journals or books, and written in many languages.
The difficulties to track such information is a major impediment not only to scientific
progress but also to the ability of researchers to contribute effectively to urgent
conservation efforts. The CarabCat Citations database seeks to improve access to the fragmented bibliographical
data and other information relating to each scientific name.
How to use: Search is optimized on accepted names of taxa
as listed in the Catalogue of Life and the CarabCat Global Checklist. The geographic search is optimized on simple country codes
(for a list of country codes and other instructions click here).
Search results are generated in tables displaying the bibliographic references
(micro-citations, i.e., authors' name and year); the page(s);
the verbatim name that was used as the valid name by the author of the reference;
and coded information of each work's thematic content.
We will also make an attempt to track mistaken applications of names.
An updated edition of 'Bibliographia Carabidarum' is under preparation (example page).
The current focus of the CarabCat Citations database is on the Afrotropical fauna,
but more content will continue to be added.
Faunistic work is tremendously labor-intensive, specifically for
mapping the species distributions across a larger scale. These difficulties in acquiring important data
are troublesome for researchers in the 'developed' world, but are especially daunting
in many tropical regions where the highest number of species is living.
The purpose of CarabMap and the regional map for Africa (with current focus on genera Graphipterus and Piezia) is to reduce such impediments by interactive map tools which
can create dynamic online grid maps and associated data tables generated at the moment of search.
All these maps can be downloaded and used under the Creative Commons License (BY, version 4.0).
For details on how to use the map tools go here: world map / Africa map
Another regional mapping tool for central Europe (focus on Bavaria) can be found here
|This page has links to major portals and "aggregators" of biodiversity information, to other websites of general interest, and
to websites specialized on ground beetles.